Shasta County History
A Memorial and Biographical History of Northern California-Chicago, Lewis Publ. Co., 1891

The records and papers of the Alcalde of Shasta County were destroyed by fire June 14, 1853, and thus many important points of history are lost.
The word "shasta" is derived from the Russian language. Many years ago, and among the first travelers who visited that portion of the coast, were a party of Russians, who passed through California, going from the north to the south. They gave a name to many of the more prominent landmarks which they encountered on their journey. To the peak now called Shasta Butte, a mountain clothed with eternal snow, they gave the name of Tcheste, signifying white, pure, chaste, clear. Subsequent travelers and geographers changed the name to "Tchasta." The early Americans adopted the name, and spelled and pronounced it "Chasta," but time has changed the spelling as at present. The name was also applied to the valley that lies at the northern base of the mountain, to the river that pours its cold snow-waters into the Klamath, and to the tribe of Indians in that vicinity. When the counties of the State were first organized, Mount Shasta was in Shasta County. Afterward a new county was created (Siskiyou), which embraces this lofty mountain within its borders.

Shasta, despite such curtailment of its original proportions, remains a very large county, its area comprising 3,765 square miles. As at present organized, this county is bounded on the north by Siskiyou County, on the east by Lassen, on the south by Tehama, and on the west by Trinity.

The whole of this county is more or less mountainous, the Sierra Nevada striking across its eastern border, and a branch of the Coast Range striking the western side, the crest of the latter forming the boundary line between this and Trinity County. Aside from these more prominent ranges, the face of the country here is diversified by many short straggling chains of mountains and irregular masses of hills. Standing in the Sierra Nevada, within the limits of this county, are several high peaks. The principal one of these, Lassen, has four distinct summits, the highest being 10,577 feet above the sea level. These summits are the fragments of what was once a great crater rim, formed when this was an active volcano.
Through this county flows the Sacramento River, and the McCloud and Pit rivers, tributaries from the northeast. Many smaller streams are also in the county. This region also abounds in mineral springs, many of them "thermals," and some of these boil fiercely, with a loud noise.
The western part of the county, and also the greater portion of the Sierra Nevada lying to the east, are covered with forests of pine, spruce and fir. The remainder of the county is but poorly timbered, much of the northeastern part being nearly treeless. In the southern portion of Shasta there is found along the Sacramento River a considerable extent of good farming land. Most of the tillable land elsewhere in the county is confined to the creek bottoms and small mountain valleys.

Besides gold and silver, Shasta contains the useful metals and minerals in great variety. Her deposits of gold, iron and copper, though not much developed, are no doubt valuable. From the earliest day the county has been a prominent mining region, and we regret that we have not space to enumerate the many notorious mines of the past, as well as the successful ones of the present day. We depend upon the biographical sketches in a subsequent portion of this volume for most of the important details.

The northern regions of Shasta County were entered by miners in 1850 by way of Trinity and Klamath rivers, and rich diggings were found, notably in Scott's Valley, named after J. W. Scott, who located himself on Scott's Bar in July or August, 1850. Governor Joseph Lane, of Oregon, was probably the first regular prospector near Yreka, while Rufus Johnson's party, which penetrated from Trinity to Yreka Creek in August, 1850, following in his tracks, had been prospecting the eastern districts during July. So large an immigration set in that winter, from the south as well as from Oregon, that the section was in March, 1852, formed into a separate county by the name of Siskiyou. The seat, of government was assigned to Yreka, whose exceedingly remunerative flat deposits, opened in March, 1851, within a few weeks transformed the first tents into an important town, first known as Thompson's Dry Diggings, then with a slight change in location as Shasta Butte; and this, clashing with the Lower Shasta, Yreka was adopted, together with the county-seat, the name being a corruption of Wyeka, whiteness, the Indian term for the adjacent snow-crowned Shasta. Lockhart was prominent in formally laying out the town in August, 1851. Some ascribed the first house to Boles and Dane. The town was incorporated in 1854, illegally, but legally in 1857. Although the place somewhat declined with the mines, it still held a leading place in the county.

The decline of the diggings is compensated for by the fertility of Shasta Valley. In the adjoining Scott Valley, Fort Jones acquired the supremacy. This place was founded in 1851 as Wheelock's Trading Station, and later called Scottsburg, and incorporated in 1872. In the upper part of the county Etna rose around the flour and saw mills erected in 1853­'54 and absorbed Rough and Ready.

The southern part of Shasta was in 1856 segregated for the formation of Tehama County. Although occupied by several settlers before 1848, the district received for some time little addition to its occupants, owing to the strange lack of gold, although bordering on three sides by productive mining districts. It became evident, however, that traffic must pass this way for the mines east and north of it, and in 1849 three towns were founded, two on Deer Creek, which survived only on paper, Danville and Benton. Thus Tehama received a decided impulse as the proclaimed head of navigation. It became a lively stage town, and a fine farming district sustained it until the railroad came. Its prosperity was for a time checked by the ascent of a steamboat (the Jack Hays) to Red Bluff, which began to rise in 1850.

In October, 1849, Shasta, then known as Reading's Springs, because of the fine springs at that point, was a busy village of tents and nearly as many people lived on the hill as in the town under the same, where most of the buildings now are. Among those who spent the memorable winter of 1848–'49 there were R. J. Walsh and John S. Follansbee. Dick Chadman, a native of Tennessee, camped on the hill in January. Several Oregonians settled on the hill as soon as the trails were passable in the spring of 1849, and engaged in mining on Rock, Middle and Salt creeks. In October several log cabins were started up but none completed, and several hundred people arriving that fall were obliged to live in tents that winter and even sleep in the open air in blankets. The rainy season set in November 2, and from that time it rained quite steady, and sometimes very hard, through November, December and the greater part of January. As might be expected it produced great discomfort and a panic. Some sold their provisions at ruinous prices and hurried off to Sacramento and San Francisco. Though freights had been forty and fifty cents per pound between Sacramento and Shasta, they sold their flour as low as twenty cents per pound, and other things equally as low. R. J. Walsh was the only man having money who dared to invest. He bought largely, and when travel was cut off by the impassability of the Sycamore slough, he made a corner on every article of merchandise in his store, and, within thirty days after he had purchased flour at twenty cents per pound, was selling it at $2.00, $2.25 and as high as $2.50 per pound. He was known to sell many a sack of flour, cash down in glittering gold dust for $225, or at the rate of $450 per barrel! In those flush days the price of a sack of flour was no more thought of than now. Dr. Benj. Shurtleff, his cousin Harrison J. Shurtleff, Dr. Hall, from Vermont, and Mr. Belcher, from Massachusetts, were living and messing together, and occasionally indulged in the luxury of a peach pie, which cost $1.50 each. The pioneer pie factory was run by Benj. F. Washington, Vincent E. Geiger and William S. Lacy. Geiger cut the wood, Washington made the pies, and Lacy was the salesman.

Early in 1851 the first white child was born, a girl, to Mrs. and Mr. John Carthy, but she lived only a few weeks. The first white male child born in the county was at French Gulch, April 24, 1851, namely, C. F. Montgomery, afterward a resident of Arizona and business manager of the Daily and Weekly Nugget, published at Tombstone.

Pierson B. Reading, a native of New Jersey, came to California overland as a member of the Chiles-Walker party. Becoming clerk and chief of trappers for Sutter, he made wide explorations in 1844–'45; commanded the Fort during Sutter's absence in the Micheltorena campaign; obtained in 1844 a grant of the San Buenaventura rancho; in 1846 he was active from the first in promoting the settlers' revolt, and served in 1846–'47 in the California Battalion as pay­master, with rank of major. Afterward he settled on his Shasta County rancho, but in 1848—'49 engaged extensively in mining on the Trinity River, where Reading Bar bore his name. In 1849 he had a store at Sacramento, in company with Hensley & Snyder, besides taking a part in political affairs. In 1851 he was candidate for State Governor, barely missing election. Subsequently he devoted himself to agriculture in Northern California. He died in 1868, at the age of fifty-two years, leaving a widow and five children. Major Reading was a man of a well-balanced mind, honorable, energetic and courteous.

The late Chief Justice, Royal T. Sprague, came to Shasta in. September, 1849. He with others came overland from Ohio, forded the Sacramento River at Moore's rancho and built a log house just north of the Potter place, where they spent the winter, and in the spring and summer of 1850 he moved on Clear Creek at Grizzly Gulch.

The late General Joseph Lane was also a Shasta County miner. He mined in the vicinity of Olney Creek and Oregon Gulch. He was an agreeable and intelligent man, with strong, practical common sense. He returned to Oregon in the fall of 1850.

The Mexican land grant in Shasta County was that of San Buenaventura, 26,632 acres, patented to E. D. Reading in 1857.


In 1852 Colonel A. H. Webb was living in Harristown, in Shasta County, where he kept a store. He shrewdly preserved the good people from Indian depredations. During that period three brothers named Duncan, apparently of the Caucasian race but really one-quarter Indian blood and identified with the Cherokee nation, were causing much trouble in the community. They were large and stout, and very rough in manners and morals. One day two of these brothers, mounted upon half-broken mustangs, rode into and out of every house in the village, apparently on a wager, but making an exception of Mr. Webb's store, as the proprietor said he could not afford to have his goods damaged. They respected him. But the next day, having been taunted by a boon companion with the failure to fully complete the stipulations of the bet, the two men determined to do so, come what would. Mr. Webb gave no more thought to the matter and was upon the second day busy about the store, when with a clatter and crash the younger of the two Duncans forced his foaming and struggling mustang directly into the store. Mr. Webb turned toward the intruder in astonishment and anger, and Duncan, noticing his indignation and immediately giving rein to his natural insolence, exclaimed with an oath, "Perhaps you do not like my riding in here?" Irritated beyond endurance, Webb stepped rapidly behind the desk, snatched a loaded revolver and covered the desperado in an instant, while he answered with stern emphasis, "No, I don't like it; and you have just twenty seconds to ride out of here before you get this bullet in your brain. Go!" Duncan saw the merchant's deadly purpose, and, wheeling his horse, dashed out of the store in an instant..

The news that Mr. Webb had driven one of the Duncans out of the store at the muzzle of a pistol soon spread about, and while it increased his popularity with a majority of the inhabitants it changed the feeling of careless friendliness with which the desperado brothers had hitherto regarded him to one of bitter hatred, which every one predicted would speedily culminate in a tragedy. But more than a year elapsed without anything of that nature happening, and Webb moved to Bald Hill, in the same county, where he continued in the same business. The Duncans were as frequently seen there as at Harristown. At a local election soon held at that place the three Duncans were, as usual, making themselves the most conspicuous figures in the large assemblage, drinking and carousing. The polls were across the street from Webb's store, and Webb, being one of the judges of the election, left the store in charge of his partner. He saw young Duncan in the store, but paid no special attention to it, as it had been so long since the trouble they had had.

Suddenly Webb felt his long hair seized from behind and saw a bowie knife coming in the other hand of the villain toward him; when a young man named Kit seized the would-be murderer's arm and arrested the blow at the very instant when the point of the weapon was against Webb's breast. Foiled in his immediate purpose, but still retaining his hold both upon the knife and his intended victim, Duncan turned to the latter, saying tauntingly, while he savagely struggled to free his right arm for a second blow, "Why don't you beg for your life?" " No, I will not," was the answer: " the sooner you let me go the better it will be for yourself." " Let you go ?" shrieked the desperado as he struggled in vain to free his arm, "let you go! I will kill you first."

The crowd separated the men. Webb remained in his room, his enemy being forced out into the street, and, being unarmed, looked around for a weapon: Several rifles were lying about, but as he picked up one after another, the owners told him that they were not loaded. It struck him finally that the statements were not true, being made through the fear which most of the people had of Duncan and his gang, and examination of one of the rifles confirmed his suspicions. At this moment some one called out, "Duncan is in your store; he has attacked your partner." Webb sprang across the street and into the store, found the report true and raised the rifle; but Duncan let go, sprang into the back door, and as he put his hand into his hip-pocket to get a revolver Webb fired upon him and shattered the hand while in the pocket, and the bullet also entered the body. Duncan did not fall, but fired the weapon with his left hand, missing his mark. Webb rushed back to the polling place, got another gun, and as he merged into the street again Duncan came out of the store and fell on his face. The crowd urged Webb to finish killing him and rid the community of a desperado. A stalwart miner named Ridge, who was an educated Indian, also urged Webb to finish killing Duncan. Webb would not be persuaded to attack a fallen foe, and the latter was carried away by his friends. Webb was then warned that he did the most injudicious thing for the safety both of himself and of the community. Sure enough, he was soon informed that threats of vengeance by the savages had been made. Seeing one of the Duncans passing one day, he said, "I have nothing to say to you personally, sir, but you will take this message to the young Duncan and his brother, tell them that if I hear of another word of threat being uttered against me, I will shoot young Duncan in his bed. Will you carry that message?" The man promised compliance and probably fulfilled his promise, for no other threats were heard from them afterward.

Webb, shortly afterward visiting the county-seat, was surrounded by the citizens, who asked him whether he wanted a trial or not. He said he did not care—only the time attending one interfered with his business. The crowd immediately voted not to try him and gave him a banquet in the evening.

During the following year, 1854, Webb passed through the Cherokee. Nation on a trip to the East. He stopped overnight on a fine plantation kept by a middle-aged Cherokee of mixed blood, though to all appearance a polished Southern gentleman. During the evening the following conversation ensued:

Host—"By the way, Mr. Webb, were you ever in a county in California which I think they call Shasta?"

Webb—"Certainly, I have lived there for several years past, and am very well acquainted there."

"Indeed! then you must know my nephews, young Duncan and his brothers?"

"Oh, yes; I know them quite well. Are they your nephews, indeed?"

"Yes; my sister's children; but tell me, since you knew them so well, is it true that young Duncan was shot last year in a quarrel with some desperado or other?"

Webb repressed a strange mixture of feelings and answered calmly, "It is said that he was shot; though why the man who did it can be justly termed a cut-throat or desperado, I must say is by no means certain."

"Oh, well," said the Cherokee, "it is quite possible I may have heard it incorrectly; it was only a very indifferent account that reached me.. Please tell me all the particulars."

Webb told them all, skillfully suppressing the name of the store-keeper in the affair, which his host did not notice.

"What became of the villain?" he finally asked; "is he still there?"

"I believe not. In fact, I know that he went away some months since, and I have reason to think he left the State."

"Well, it doesn't matter; I dare say it was young Duncan's fault, as you have suggested; he was always a wild youth, and when he drinks there is no holding him in."

The next morning, after a hearty breakfast, host and guest parted in a friendly manner. Some time after Webb returned to the coast someone asked him, "Colonel, suppose the planter had asked you the name of the man who shot his nephew, what would you have said ?" " I would have told him that his name was Webb, but don't know that I should have taken any particular pains to impress him with the thought that I was that particular Webb." "Suppose he discovered the truth: what would you have done?" "I can't say with any certainty, of course, but I think he would have entertained me just as hospitably, and the next morning he would have mounted his horse and ridden out on the prairie with me until we were out of sight of the house, drawn a pistol and told me to defend myself." " What became of young Duncan?" "Oh, he flourished for several years afterward, but finally had a quarrel with some one else and got a bullet between the eyes."


The name Shasta was given the town by a meeting of its citizens held June 8, 1850, in the front of the store of R. J. Walsh, where Army Hall was afterward built.

The St. Charles Hotel, built by James Macly & Co., and the Trinity House, built by W. S. Bonfield and David Casanant, were the first frame buildings in the town. The lumber from which they were built was whipsawed by Jonathan Otis and his partner; and cost $1 per foot, or at the rate of $1,000 per 1,000 feet. These buildings were erected in the summer of 1850. Macly was a man of great energy and enterprise. He subsequently went East and while on his second trip across the plains to California, was killed by Indians in Honey Lake Valley. His remains were brought to Shasta and buried in the old cemetery.

The law authorizing the organization of Shasta fixed the county-seat at Reading's ranch, but power was vested in the Court of Sessions to remove the county-seat to such point in the county as public convenience might require. February 10, 1851, Judge Harrison and County Clerk Robinson, with justices of the peace enough to form a quorum, went to the residence of Major Reading and organized the Court of Sessions by electing two of the justices of the peace associate justices. The court then removed the county-seat to Shasta, taking it borne with them that night.

The first court-house was a log building. Later a double brick store was purchased and fitted up for a court-house, which served the purpose until the county-seat was removed.

When the railroad was projected through the State the citizens of Shasta took hold with commendable zeal to have it built to Shasta, and spent both money and time freely, but failed in securing it. The road was built in 1872, and the town of Reading started. Many of the enterprising: citizens of Shasta sold out at heavy losses and went to the new town, and since then Shasta has made no advancement; and the place that was once the most rushing business town in the county is now very quiet. It is very pleasantly located.

The following are some of the leading business men of the place: Colonel William Magee, John V. Scott, Frank Litsch, general merchandise; A. W. Pryor, druggist; Judge G. R Knox, C. H. Beherns, dealers in grain and hay and proprietors of the Empire Hotel, and Joseph E. Bell. The town has excellent schools. Mrs. D. M. Coleman is principal. The town has the honor of having the oldest Masonic Lodge in the State,—Western Star, No. 2. The lodge at San Francisco was organized the same month, and the brethren at Shasta waived their claim to No. 1 and took 2. There is also in the town a lodge of the I. O. O. F., Encampment No. 14, and Shasta Lodge, No. 57; and there is Shasta Lodge A. O. U. W., No. 71.


Sheriff ---W. A. Nunnally

County Clerk ---T. W. Dawson

District Attorney --- Joseph Ward

Treasurer --- J. R. Gilbert

Coroner --- E. G. Goodwin

Public Auditor --- D. D. Harrill

Assessor --- S. E. Jack

Surveyor --- E. C. Gillette

Superintendent of Schools --- Paul K. Hubs

Assemblyman --- John A. Ring

State Senator --- R T. Sprague

County Judge --- J. C. Hinkley

Another election was held September 5, 1854, when the following officers were elected:

Surveyor ---William Magee

Assessor --- William S. Hughes

District Judge ---William P. Daingerfield

Assemblyman --- Henry Baten


Sheriff --- John A. Dubelbis

County Clerk ---William S. Jenkins

Deputy Clerk ---H. L. Van Horn

Under Sheriff ---William Magee

Deputy Sheriff ---John Hale

Treasurer --- G. C. Farquhar

Assessor --- James Hayburn

District Attorney ---E. Garter

Public Administrator ---B. Swasey

County Surveyor --- A. H. Stout

County Physician ---J. E. Pelham

District Judge ---William P. Daingerfield

County Judge --- J. C. Hinkley

Associate Judge --- E. K. Shed, J. W. Greevey

School Commissioner --- J W. Chappel

Supervisors --- L. H. Tower, William H. Dennison

At the November 4 election in 1856 the following were elected to fill short terms:

Superintendent of Schools ---H. A. Curtis

Surveyor ---William Magee

Assessor --- R. B. Snee

Assemblyman ---Isaac Hare


Sheriff --- Clay Stockton

County Clerk --- H. I. Van Horn

Public Administrator --- B. Swasey

Treasurer --- James Hayburn

Assessor ---William H. Angel

Coroner --- Doctor Gutman

Surveyor --- E Linn

Superintendent of Schools --- Peter Sherman

County Judge --- Joel T. Landrum

Assemblyman --- Charles R. Street

District Judge ---William P. Daingerfield

State Senator --- E. Garter


District Judge ---William P. Daingerfield

County Judge --- Joel T. Landrum

Associate Justices --- C C. Bush, G. H Brooks

County Treasurer --- James Hayburn

Recorder --- J R. Durick

County Clerk --- John Anderson

Sheriff --- John S. Follansbee

Under Sheriff ---William H. Angel

Tax Collector --- A. S. Killman

Deputy Tax Collector --- Ben D. Anderson

Assessor --- B. Gartland

Public Administrator ---Dennis H. Dunn

Surveyor --- A. J. Quait

District Attorney ---James D. Mix

Superintendent of Public Instruction --- G. K. Godfrey

Supervisors --- John V. Scott, J. W. Romer, A. J. Reid


Senator --- Benjamin Shurtleff

Sheriff --- J. S. Follansbee

County Clerk --- John Anderson

County Treasurer ---Felix Tracy

County Recorder ---J. S. Durick

District Attorney ---W. S. Knox

Assessor ---Caleb Watkins

Public Administrator ---D. H. Dunn

Superintendent of Schools --- Grose K. Godfrey

Surveyor --- E. Linn

Coroner ---Joseph Simpson

Tax Collector --- A. S. Killman

County Judge ---C. C. Bush

Assemblyman --- George Woodman

District Judge --- E. Garter

At an election held September 15, 1862, J. N. Chappell was elected Assemblyman.

Sheriff --- William E. Hopping

Tax Collector --- J W. Garden

Under Sheriff --- Joseph Burrows

County Clerk --- Charles McDonald

District Attorney --- Homer A. Curtiss

County Recorder --- George D. Forbes

Treasurer --- Felix Tracy

Assessor --- A P. Ladd

Superintendent of Schools ---John J. Conmy

Coroner and Administrator ---D. H. Dunn

Surveyor --- J. F. Winsell

County Judge four years --- C. C. Bush

District Judge six years --- E. Garter

Assemblyman --- J. N. Chappell

Sheriff ---William E. Hopping

Tax Collector --- J W. Garden

County Clerk --- Charles McDonald

Treasurer --- Fred B. Chandler

District Attorney --- John S. Follansbee

Recorder and Auditor --- George D. Forbes

Coroner and Administrator --- D. Lynch

Superintendent of Schools --- W. L. Carter

Surveyor --- S. P. Hicks

Assemblyman --- J N. Chappell

Assessor --- A P. Ladd

In 1867 George D. Forbes, Recorder and Auditor, died, and Samuel Cooper was appointed to fill the vacancy.


Sheriff and Tax Collector --- Thomas Green

County Clerk, Auditor and Recorder ---G. L. Taggart

Treasurer --- Fred B. Chandler

District Attorney --- John S. Follansbee

Surveyor --- George Silverthorn

Coroner and Administrator --- Daniel Lynch

Assessor --- A P. Ladd

Superintendent of Schools --- W. L. Carter

Member of Assembly --- Perry Dryer

Senator --- J. N. Chappell

County Judge --- C. C. Bush

District Judge --- E. Garter


Sheriff and Tax Collector --- Thomas Greene

County Clerk, Auditor and Recorder --- G. I. Taggert

Treasurer --- Samuel Cooper

District Attorney --- Clay W. Taylor

County Surveyor --- Q. N. Atkins

Coroner and Administrator --- John Schuler

Assessor --- A. P. Ladd

Superintendent of Schools --- W. L. Carter

Member of Assembly --- A. R. Andrews

District Judge --- A M. Roseborough

A. P. Ladd, County Assessor, died in 1869. Charles W. Taylor was appointed to fill the vacancy.


Sheriff and Tax Collector --- Sylvester Hull

Clerk, Auditor and Recorder ---William H. Bickford

Treasurer --- Samuel Cooper

District Attorney --- Clay W. Taylor

Surveyor --- George Silverthorn

Coroner and Administrator --- John Schuler

Assessor --- D. O. Osborn

Superintendent of Schools --- W. L. Carter

Assemblyman --- A. R. Andrews

Senator --- John McMurray

County Judge ---William E. Hopping

District Judge --- A M. Roseborough

Sheriff and Tax Collector --- S. Hull

Clerk, Auditor and Recorder --- William H. Bickford

Treasurer --- J. Van Schaick

District Attorney --- Clay W. Taylor

Surveyor --- Q. N. Atkins

Coroner and Administrator --- William P. Hartman

Assessor --- D. C. Osborn

Superintendent of Schools --- L. K. Grim

Member of Assembly --- R. Klotz

State Senator --- W. J. Tinnin

County Judge --- William E. Hopping

District Judge --- A. M. Roseborough

Sheriff and Tax Collector --- S. Hull

Clerk, Auditor and Recorder ---William H. Bickford

Treasurer --- J. Van Schaick

District Attorney --- Clay W. Taylor

Assessor --- Q. N. Atkins

Superintendent of Schools --- Mrs. D. M. Coleman

Surveyor --- George Silverthorn
Coroner and Administrator --- William P. Hartman

County Judge --- William E. Hopping

District Judge --- A. M. Roseborough


Sheriff and Tax Collector --- S. Hull

Clerk, Auditor and Recorder --- F. C. Tiffin

Treasurer --- J. Van Schaick

District Attorney --- Clay W. Taylor

Surveyor --- J. E. Stockton

Coroner and administrator --- C. Lenz

Assessor --- Q. N. Atkins

Superintendent of Schools --- Mrs. D. M. Coleman

Assemblyman --- J. C. Montague

Senator --- D. Ream

County Judge ---William E. Hopping

District Judge --- A. M. Roseborough

Treasurer John Van Schaick died during the term, and Charles McDonald was appointed to fill the vacancy. Coroner and Administrator C. Lenz resigned during the term, and William Hartman was appointed to fill the vacancy. Hartman resigned, and D. P. Bystle was appointed to fill the unexpired term.


Superior Judge --- Aaron Bell

Sheriff and Tax Collector --- S. Hull

Clerk, Recorder and Auditor --- F. C. Tiffin

Treasurer --- R. Ripley

District Attorney --- Clay W. Taylor

Surveyor --- J. E. Stockton

Coroner and Administrator --- J. D. Bystle

Assessor --- William S. Kidder

Superintendent of Schools --- Mrs. D. M. Coleman

Assemblyman --- J S. P. Bass

Senator --- A. B. Garlock


Assemblyman --- John McMurray

Senator --- A. B. Garlock

Superior Judge --- Aaron Bell

Sheriff --- S. Hull

Under Sheriff --- R. Kennedy

Deputy Sheriff --- William Whiting

County Clerk --- F C. Tiffin

Assistant County Clerk --- William Jackson

District Attorney --- Clay W. Taylor

Treasurer --- Richard Ripley

Assessor --- W. S. Kidder

Assistant Assessor --- T. B. Smith

Assistant Assessor --- Benjamin Swasey

Superintendent of Schools --- Mrs. D. M. Coleman

Public Administrator and Coroner --- D. P. Bystle

Surveyor --- J. E. Stockton

Supervisors --- J. W. Gorden, J. D. Blair, Wm. Davidson.


the seat of government and metropolis of the county, is a beautiful place and an enterprising commercial center, being on both the Sacramento River and the California & Oregon Railroad, and having its complement of schools, churches, fraternal societies, business houses, factories, and all that conduce to the wealth and refinement of an inland city.


is pleasantly situated on the east side of the Sacramento River near the junction of Cow and Clover Creeks. The first inhabitants here were Samuel E. and Nathaniel T. Stroud, brothers, who located the site in 1853. In 1856 Mr. Harold built the flour-mill now owned by Wilkinson & Ross. The first merchant was Joseph

Smith, in 1857. The next year Mr. Hazelrig became his partner. It has since changed hands several times. In 1860 the second business house was started by John Hilderbrant; and this also has changed proprietorship a number of times.

The leading business men at present are: Joseph C. Harris & Co., general merchandise; E. E. Rawlings, druggist; L. W. Kidd, editor and proprietor of the East-Side Times; Wilkinson & Ross, mill owners, etc.

The village is also blessed with lodges of Masons, Eastern Star, Odd Fellows, Daughters of Rebekah and Native Sons of the Golden West.


from Shasta County have been: A. R. Andrews, 1856, 1869–'72; J. S. P. Bass, 1880; Henry Bates, 1855; J. M. Briceland, 1875–'76; T. T. Cabiness, 1853; J. N. Chappell, 1863–'66; Perry Dryer, 1867–'68; Samuel Flemming, 1852; I. Hare, 1857; Rudolph Klotz, 1873–'74; A. G. McCandless, 1851; E. D. Pearce, 1852; John A. Ring, 1854; Chas. R. Street, 1858–'59; John White, 1860–'61; George W. Woodman, 1862.

Transcribed by Kathy Sedler.

Biography Index
California Histories Index Page