Sacramento County History...


Native Americans, including the Miwok and Maidu tribes, were the first residents of Sacramento County. The first European to explore the Sacramento area was Gabriel Moraga, an officer in the Spanish Army. He is credited with naming the river and valley Sacramento, from the Spanish phrase Santisimo Sacramento meaning Most Holy Sacrament. The county was named after the Sacramento River, which forms its western border.

John Sutter, born in Switzerland in 1803, came to California in 1839 and settled in the Sacramento Valley. Sacramento was part of Mexico at the time, and, after becoming a Mexican citizen, Sutter was given a land grant by Governor Juan Bautista Alvarado in the valley. At the confluence of the American and Sacramento rivers, Sutter built Fort Sutter.

As a result of the Mexican War of 1846-1848, California was ceded to the United States. In 1849, gold was discovered at Sutter's mill in what is now El Dorado County, and the Sacramento Valley was flooded with people coming to find gold. In 1850, California became a state, and Sacramento County was established as one of its original counties. The city of Sacramento was named the state capital in 1854.

Alexander Hamilton Willard, a member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, is buried in the old Franklin Cemetery.

One of the largest counties in the state at 1026 square miles. In 1884, the county was noted for Agriculture, and mining with a population of about 40,000.

The 1900 Sacramento Directory states the county is comprised of 640,000 acres. The city of Sacramento is fourth in population in the state, second in commercial importance. There are four (4) rivers in the county, The Sacramento, American, Comsumnes, and Mokelumne.

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On-line database - CA Digital Newspaper Collection
The California Digital Newspaper Collection contains over 400,000 pages of significant historical California newspapers published from 1846-1922, including the first California newspaper, the Californian, and the first daily California newspaper, the Daily Alta California. It also contains issues of several current California newspapers that are part of a pilot project to preserve and provide access to contemporary papers. (Please note: not ALL California newspapers are represented in this collection..jmh)

1887/1888 Sacramento Directory

  • Evening Star - daily
  • Nord California Herold - German
  • Record-Union - daily and weekly
  • Sacramento Bee - daily and weekly
  • Sacramento Journal
  • Sunday Leader
  • The Rescue

1900 Sacramento Directory

  • Bee - daily - evening
  • Bee - weekly (Wednesday)
  • California - Odd Fellow - semi monthly
  • Nord California Herold - issued Saturday
  • Record-Union - daily
  • Sacramento Ledger - Weekly Friday (Oak Park)
  • Sacramento Signal - Weekly Saturday for Federated Trades Council
  • Sunday Leader - issued weekly
  • The Sunday-News Weekly
  • The Weekly Union

1902 Sacramento Directory

  • A Liberdade - weekly
  • California Odd Fellow - monthly
  • Folsom Weekly Telegraph
  • Gazette (Galt)
  • Nord California Herold - issued Saturday
  • Record-Union - daily
  • Sacramento Ledger - Weekly Friday (Oak Park)
  • Sunday Leader - issued leader
  • The Bee - daily evening
  • The Saturday Bee - issued every Saturday
  • The Sunday News
  • The Tribune
  • The Weekly Union

Major Highways...

  • I-5 Symbol Interstate 5 - North to South
  • I-5 Symbol Interstate 80 - East to West (part of the Lincoln Highway)
  • I-5 Symbol Interstate 80 Business (Business 80 and/or Capital City Freeway)
  • I-5 Symbol U.S. Route 50 (The US 50 corridor is a historic one, used by many 49ers who came to California during the Gold Rush as well as the Pony Express. )
  • I-5 Symbol State Route 12 (in the Delta area near Antioch and Isleton)
  • I-5 Symbol State Route 16
  • I-5 Symbol State Route 70 (a small section at the interchange of SR 99 - near the airport)
  • I-5 Symbol State Route 99 (Highway 99 - major north to south state highway)
  • I-5 Symbol State Route 104
  • I-5 Symbol State Route 160
  • I-5 Symbol State Route 220
  • I-5 Symbol State Route 244